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The Ministry of Energy (MoE) was established in 2016 following the Republican President’s directive to re-align the Ministry from the then Ministry of Energy and Water Development (MEWD). This was during the President’s address to Parliament in September 2016.
Zambia's Energy Sector
Electricity is the second most important energy source after wood fuel contributing slightly over 10% to the national energy supply. The country’s hydropower resource potential stands at over 6,000 Megawatts (MW) while the total national installed power capacity is at about 2,876 MW.
Zambia imports all its petroleum requirements which contribute 9% to total national energy demand. The national fuel requirements are met through two (2) sources namely:
- Importation of commingled petroleum feed stock and finished petroleum products which are imported by the Government and Oil Marketing Companies (OMCs).
- Commingled feed stock which is transported by TAZAMA Pipelines Limited (TAZAMA) via a 1,710 km pipeline from the port of Dar-es-Salaam in Tanzania to INDENI Petroleum Refinery Limited (INDENI) in Ndola, Zambia for processing. Finished petroleum products are imported by road from Tanzania, Mozambique or South Africa and distributed to various GRZ owned fuel depots.
Renewable Energy sources are increasingly being used but still remain insignificant in terms of contribution to the total national energy supply. Renewable Energy sources available in Zambia include the following:
- Solar (thermal and photovoltaic)
- Mini / Microhydro
- Biomass (agricultural wastes, forestry waste, industrial/municipal organic wastes, energy crops & products and animal waste)