The restructuring of the Ministry has taken longer than expected and this has led to certain problems in improving co-ordination and providing some of the key functions and services of the Ministry. New positions need to be created in line with new demands that have arisen since the restructuring document was prepared. Presently, the Planning and Information Directorate in the Ministry of Education is not well co-ordinated with provincial and district offices and the result of this is that the vital statistics on pupils, enrolment rates, drop out rates, teachers, educational materials etc, are not up to date and sometimes not accurate. There is also inadequate, well-trained staff in planning, statistics, and information management at the different levels of the Ministry. However, with the development of EMIS, the situation is improving and many new capacity building initiatives are taking place. Presently, the flow of information from the Ministry to the community is weak and needs to be strengthened. The staff need to be trained in order to carry out effective analyses, and co-ordinate dissemination of policy guidelines from the Ministry of Education to the public. There is also need to co-ordinate the training and development of human resources and to equip staff with new skills to manage the Human Resource operations of the Ministry.

The standards and evaluation section is not well staffed and most of the standards officers are attached to projects. The section has not carried out frequent field inspections in order to monitor and maintain appropriate educational standards. It has also not been providing frequent professional encouragement, guidance and counselling to teachers through visits to schools as well as arranging in-service training courses. The Curriculum Development section has also a shortage in staffing levels. As a result of this, the section has not been able to undertake curriculum related research and constantly advise the Ministry on curriculum policy. However, under BESSIP the Curriculum Development Centre has developed the new Basic Education Curriculum Framework and also materials under the Middle Basic Reading Programme. However, school publications such as the Orbit magazine are no longer published due to shortage of staff. Currently, the teacher education training functions and placement are spread among many departments such as Standards and Curriculum Development, Teacher Education Department and Human Resources Department in the Ministry. This has made accountability difficult and implementation of teacher education programmes less effective .The slow process of putting new teachers on the payroll has also affected the system.The Ministry, with its limited resources, has not been able to provide full-time education to all learners. It has been supplementing this provision by using distance learning. Part of this has been through interactive radio instruction provided through the Education Broadcasting Services. Also, through its Department of Continuing Education, the Ministry has been providing educational programmes through the National Correspondence College,the open learning centres and training in specific skills in the schools of continuing education.Continuing and distance education has faced serious problems of under-funding,inadequate trained personnel and insufficient materials for learning and teaching. They have also suffered from unco-ordinated planning. Currently, the University of Zambia provides part of its education degree programmes through distance education.