Zambia's Energy Sector
Electricity is the second most important energy source after woodfuel contributing slightly over 10% to the national energy supply. The country’s hydropower resource potential stands at over 6000 Megawatts while the total national installed power capacity is at about 2,700 MW.
The largest power stations consist of Kariba North Bank (1,080 MW), Kafue Gorge (990MW) Maamba Coal Power Plant (300MW), Itezhi-Tezhi hydro (120MW) and Victoria Falls (108MW).
The electricity generated in Zambia is transmitted to customers through a network of power infrastructure comprising transmission lines, distribution lines and substations at voltages of 330kV, 220kV, 132kV, 88kV, 66kV, 33kV, 11kV and 0.4kV.
Zambia imports all its petroleum requirements which contribute 9% to total national energy
demand. The national fuel requirements are met through two (2) sources namely: importation of commingled petroleum feedstock and finished petroleum products which are imported by the Government and OMCs. Commingled feedstock is transported by TAZAMA Pipelines Limited (TAZAMA) via a 1,710 km pipeline from the port of Dar-es-Salaam in Tanzania to INDENI Petroleum Refinery Limited (INDENI) in Ndola, Zambia for processing. Finished petroleum products are imported by road from Tanzania, Mozambique or South Africa and distributed to various GRZ owned fuel depots.
Renewable Energy sources are increasingly being used but still remain insignificant in terms of contribution to the total national energy supply. Renewable Energy sources available in Zambia include the following: solar (thermal and photovoltaic); minil/microhydro; biomass (agricultural wastes, forestry waste, industrial/municipal organic wastes, energy crops & products and animal waste); geothermal, and wind.